Daily News- 9th June 2017

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Daily News- 9th June 2017

One Whole Genus , 6 species of Crabs discovered in Western Ghats

  • scientists have discovered a new genus and six new species of freshwater crabs in these mountainous forests.
  • With the recent finding in Kerala, freshwater crab diversity in the State has risen to 34 species, the highest in the country. Nearly 50% of crabs in the Western Ghats (27 of 47 species) occur here.All six species were discovered on the Kerala side.

Genus

Karkata, which stands for crab in Sanskrit, has been given a separate genus, indicating a higher order of distinctive features. It is endemic to the Western Ghats.

Species are:

  1. Karkata ghanarakta(Thattekad bird sanctuary)
  2. Karkata kusumbha(Idukki district)
  3. Pilarta aroma(Agasthamalai Reserve)
  4. Pilarta punctatissima (Thattekad bird sanctuary)
  5. Cylindrotelphusa longiphallus(Paddy fields)
  6. Cylindrotelphusa breviphallus(Thiruvananthapuram)

Mehrunnisa Dalwai Obituary

noted social activist and author

wife of one of modern Maharashtra’s most remarkable and formidable social reformers, Hamid Dalwai. Hamid, the author of the classic, Indhan(published 1965), worked tirelessly to uplift the status of women within the Islamic religion. 

Adhered to the strong socialist beliefs of her husband, who was part of the Rashtra Seva Dal, the youth wing of the Socialist Party. He had also later associated himself with the eminent socialist, Ram Manohar Lohia.

Following her husband’s death, she immersed herself in the working of the Muslim Satyashodhak Mandal, the reformist organisation in Pune founded by Mr. Dalwai.

 

Recipients of India’s first uterine transplants leave hospital

Laparoscopy- a surgical procedure in which a fibre-optic instrument is inserted through the abdominal wall to view the organs in the abdomen or permit small-scale surgery.

Fish medicine administered to Lakhs

The Bathini family administered the ‘fish prasadam’ here from the start of the Mrigasira Karthi day to cure asthma.

The wriggling 5cm-long murrel fish are slipped into the throats of patients in a bizarre treatment that leaves them gagging.

The Bathini Goud family, which administers the treatment, says the fish clear the throat on their way down and cure asthma.

But the family has declined to reveal the secret formula, which they say they got from a Hindu saint in 1845.

The government arranges special trains for the “fish medicine” festival every year and extra police are on duty to control crowds.

Mizoram reopened after four days of blockade

  • indefinite blockade of its lifeline NH 54 at Kolasib on the states border with Assam by NGOs and student bodies.
  • The Joint Action Committee (JAC) of Kolasib district, which is spearheading the blockade in protest against the transfer of a surgeon from the district hospital, decided during the day to continue with the blockade.
  • The road block on the 850 km long National Highway, connecting Assam and Mizoram, had caused hardship to the people as large number of vehicles were stranded on NH 54 leading to shortage of essential commodities.

RedInk Awards recognise India’s best journalists

With 15 categories, they are the biggest journalism awards in India where winners are chosen by their peers.

Veteran journalist Vinod Dua was recognised with the Lifetime Achievement Award and Raj Kamal Jha was presented the Journalist of the Year award.

Mr. Dua was among the country’s first psephologists, co-anchoring election analysis programmes alongside Dr. Prannoy Roy on Doordarshan, and continues to be an active journalist today, as Contributing Editor of TheWireHindi.com where he anchors a popular news show, Jan Gan Man Ki Baat

Raj Kamal Jha won an award for the Panama Paper story.

Only PSUs may be let to make Oxytocin

After being banned in retail markets, the Drug Controller will soon restrict manufacturing of controversial hormone drug Oxytocin to public sector undertakings (PSUs). The drug is used by diary owners and farmers to boost milk production and make vegetables look bigger and fresher.

For childbirth

Oxytocin is a hormone known to trigger a wide variety of physical and psychological effects and is commonly used to facilitate childbirth. The Government of India banned retail sale of the hormone in 2014 after it was found that indiscriminate use of Oxytocin in milch animals and by farmers was causing irreversible hormone damage. 

Misuse of Oxytocin is leading to early sterility in milch animals at an unprecedented rate. Despite it being a Schedule H drug, it is impossible to prevent its manufacturing at registered private factories. Implications to human health are humongous, from reproductive complications to hormonal imbalances. One major reason for such blatant misuse of this drug is the absence of robust veterinary services in India. 

The manufacture and sale of Oxytocin without a licence is a cognisable Offence.

India, Pakistan become full members of SCO

Summit held in Astana,Kazakhstan
 Capping a two-year-long process, India and Pakistan today became full members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), a China-dominated security grouping that is increasingly seen as a counterweight to NATO.

India’s membership was strongly pushed by Russia while Pakistan’s entry into the grouping was backed by China. With the expansion of the grouping, the SCO will now represent over 40 per cent of humanity and nearly 20 per cent of the global GDP.

As an SCO member, India is expected to have a bigger say in pressing for concerted action in dealing with terrorism as well as on issues relating to security and defence in the region.

The SCO was founded at a Summit in Shanghai in 2001 by the Presidents of Russia, China, Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan – the Shanghai 5

India, Iran and Pakistan were admitted as observers at the 2005 Astana Summit. The Tashkent SCO Summit in June 2010 had lifted the moratorium on new membership, paving the way for the expansion of the grouping that is increasingly seen as a counterweight to the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)

India is also keen on deepening its security-related cooperation with the SCO and its Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure (RATS) which specifically deals with issues relating to security and defence.

 

Efforts intensify to resolve Gulf dispute

The feud has raised fears of wider instability in an already-volatile region that is a crucial global energy supplier and home to several Western military bases.

Kuwait — which unlike most of its fellow Gulf Cooperation Council members has not cut off ties with Qatar — has been leading efforts to mediate. Its emir Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad Al-Sabah held talks on Wednesday with Qatari counterpart Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, following talks with senior UAE officials and Saudi King Salman. Mr. Trump, who had initially backed the measures against Qatar in a tweet, called Sheik Tamim on Wednesday with an offer “to help the parties resolve their differences”.

Qatar hosts the Al-Udeid military base, the largest US airbase in the Middle East. Home to some 10,000 troops, Al-Udeid is central to the U.S.-led fight against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.

The broadcaster has often proved an irritant to its fellow states in the region, with Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain .The four countries, as well as Yemen, this week accused Doha of destabilising the region by backing extremist groups, including Islamic State.

In a co-ordinated move, the five states broke off diplomatic ties with Qatar and halted all land, air and sea traffic to the country.

Qatari citizens living in any of the five territories have been given two weeks to leave.

The broadcaster’s offices have previously been closed in Saudi Arabia and Jordan while Egypt has imprisoned Al Jazeera journalists.

Arab governments have been angered by the air time Al Jazeera has given to Islamist groups in countries such as Syria and Libya. The channel has also hosted guests hostile to other countries’ rulers.

$1 mn fund to bolster BRICS media

The Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) grouping has signalled its intent to expand its footprint in the global media space.

The plan will promote six objectives, including “balanced reporting”— a view shared by several speakers at the forum, who called for alternative media narrative, which did not take the cue from Washington or London.
The BRICS media forum is the result of a joint initiative by Xinhua News Agency, Brazil’s CMA Group, Russia’s Sputnik News Agency and Radio, The Hindu group of publications from India, and South Africa’s Independent Media.

The proposal would also focus on joint development of BRICS digital media, financial information services and promoting people- to-people contacts.

Modi to meet Xi to repair bilateral ties at SCO

he meeting follows the deterioration of ties in the past year, especially after India boycotted China’s Belt and Road Forum in mid-May and a verbal spat broke out between New Delhi and Beijing over the Dalai Lama’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh in April.

The meeting comes at a crucial time for India as it is keen on membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the plenary session of which is being held in Geneva on June 19, and also because of the June 30 deadline for the U.N. Security Council committee to designate Masood Azhar a terrorist. China has been blocking both.

 

2 States breach 3% fiscal deficit target

While the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had cautioned seven States not to breach the 3% fiscal deficit target, two States have already breached that threshold.

We can only advise them, caution them, but can do nothing to stop them as we don’t have any constitutional power to stop them. RBI had asked seven States not to breach the mark, excluding expenditure for UDAY scheme.

The risk of fiscal slippages, which, by and large, can entail inflationary spillovers, has risen with the announcements of large farm loan waivers

In its report on State finances released last month, the central bank noted the consolidated finances of States has deteriorated in recent years, with the gross fiscal deficit to GDP ratio averaging around 2.5% in the last five years (2011-12 to 2015- 16) as compared with 2.1% during the previous quinquennium.

The report said the GFD-GDP ratio in 2015-16 (RE) breached the 3% ceiling of fiscal prudence for the first time since 2004-05.

The central bank observed that State governments face severe resource constraints as their non-debt receipts were often insufficient for fulfilling their developmental obligations.

As a result, states resort to market borrowings to bridge the resource gap. “Over a period of time, such borrowings may result in the accumulation of debt liabilities which, if unchecked, could pose major challenges for macroeconomic and financial stability

Tata Advanced starts delivery for Chinook

Tata Advanced Systems Ltd (TASL) has begun delivery of the crown and tail cone assembly for Boeing Co.’s Indian configuration of the CH-47F Chinook helicopter.

Manufactured in Hyderabad, the parts will be supplied to Boeing for final assembly of the 15 helicopters for the Indian Air Force. 

The CH-47F is an advanced multi-mission helicopter being operated by the U.S. Army and 18 other defence forces.

World’s oldest fossil mushroom discovered

The world’s oldest fossil mushroom — dating back to about 115 million years — has been discovered in Brazil.

The mushroom has been named Gondwanagaricites magnificus and belongs to the Agaricales order.

Around 115 million years ago, when the ancient super-continent Gondwana was breaking apart, the mushroom fell into a river and began an improbable journey, researchers said.

Its ultimate fate as a mineralised fossil preserved in limestone in northeast Brazil makes it a scientific wonder

The mushroom somehow made its way into a highly saline lagoon, sank through the stratified layers of salty water and was covered in layer upon layer of fine sediments.

In time, the mushroom was mineralised, its tissues replaced by mineral pyrite, which later transformed into the mineral goethite.

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